PA Justice System Joint Performance Measures

 Glossary

Boot Camp Admissions: Offenders sentenced and admitted to the PA DOC motivational boot camp at Quehanna. Motivational boot camps are used in corrections to divert non-violent inmates to programs that provide discipline and structure instead of serving traditional forms of confinement.

Contract Facilities: A residential community corrections facility operated by a private entity contracted to provide residential housing and services to offenders.

Convicted Parole Violator (CPV): A CPV is an offender who violates a condition of parole by committing a new crime and receiving a new conviction to state prison.

Index Crime Rate: Based on the FBI’s Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program, index crimes are the more severe crimes: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, and arson. The index crime rate is the number of index crimes committed within a year per 100,000 Pennsylvania residents.

LSI-R Risk Grade: The Level of Service Inventory-Revised (LSI-R) is an instrument used to estimate levels of risk of recidivism for an offender. Scores on the LSI-R range from 0-54 and offenders can be low (0-17), medium (18-26), or high (27+) risk of returning to crime after their release from prison.

Mandatory Maxouts: Offenders who have reached their maximum sentence date due to Parole Board rejection and are required to be released from prison.

Negative Interest in Parole: Offenders who by their own choice opt out of being considered for early parole release and thus serve their maximum sentence in prison.

Parole Releases: Parole releases are offenders who are conditionally released from state prison to serve the remainder of the sentence in the community under parole supervision.

Parole Violator (PV) Admissions: PV admissions are offenders who have violated a condition of parole (either technically or criminally) and are being re-admitted to PA DOC custody due to the violation.

RRRI Admissions: Non-violent offenders admitted to PA DOC with a Recidivism Risk Reduction Incentive (RRRI) minimum sentence, which is a sentence that is shorter than their regular minimum sentence. RRRI offenders who successfully complete their programming and behave in prison are eligible to be paroled at this reduced, RRRI minimum sentence date.

Rearrest Rate: A rearrest is measured as the first instance of arrest after inmates are released from state prison. The rearrest rate is the number of rearrests of inmates divided by the total number of inmates released in a certain timeframe.

Recidivism Rate: Recidivism is the return to crime of a previously incarcerated individual. The primary recidivism measure of the PA DOC is the first instance of either rearrest or reincarceration after inmates are released from state prison divided by the total number of inmates released in a certain timeframe.

Reincarceration Rate: Reincarceration is measured as the first instance of returning to PA DOC custody after inmates are released from state prison. The reincarceration rate is the number of reincarcerations of inmates divided by the total number of inmates released in a certain timeframe.

Reinvestment: When the prison population declines as a result of the justice reinvestment legislation, PA DOC calculates the monetary savings. Per Act 196 of 2012, a certain proportion of these savings is to be reinvested to various other parts of the criminal justice system in order to support effective practices that will ensure further reductions in the prison population in the future. These are referred to as reinvestment funds.

Short Min Admissions: Any offender received by PA DOC with a minimum sentence date of twelve (12) months or less from the date of commitment to PA DOC.

SIP Admissions: Inmates admitted to the State Intermediate Punishment (SIP) program, a program designed as a sentencing alternative for non-violent inmates with alcohol or other drug addictions. This program is a flat 2-year sentence, including drug and alcohol treatment programming in prison as well as in the community.

Technical Parole Violator (TPV): An offender who violates parole by a breach of a condition of parole that is typically not a criminal law violation (e.g. failure to report, associating with other known felons, etc.).

Violent Crime Rate: Violent crimes are typically defined as: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, simple assault, other sex offenses, and arson. The violent crime rate is the number of violent crimes committed within a year per 100,000 Pennsylvania residents.